The major economic factor to consider for input costs of biodiesel production is the feedstock, which is about 80 percent of the total operating cost it takes around 7.5 pounds of fat or oil to produce a gallon of biodiesel, if a feedstock is 20 cents per pound, the feedstock cost alone is nearly $1.50 per gallon, other important costs including plant overhead, labor and methanol must be added to the feedstock cost to determine the total cost per gallon in biodiesel production. The biodiesel can be processed from animal fat and plant oils which affect industries that process this material, total oil and fat production is currently 3.8 billion gallons per year, this production amount implies that if all the yearly production is used to produce biodiesel, the U.S. currently has a maximum production near 3.5 billion gallons when factoring in the conversion aspect, Biodiesel production in the United States is anticipated to double by 2010.  

Biodiesel production has grown rapidly worldwide due to the numerous environmental and economic advantages this alternative fuel have over petroleum, the scarcity of known petroleum reserves will make renewable energy resources more attractive, since biodiesel reduce the carbon dioxide emissions its not a threat for the environment therefore the biodiesel industry will rise, the biodiesel business generate jobs opportunities for many people from soy bean plantations to oil refineries, the biodiesel have low commodity prices for feedstock’s used to produce biodiesel.

The Biodiesel have being promoted by different social and political figures like the governor of the estate of California Arnold Schwarzenegger, he have passed laws like the Senate Bill 975, a pro-biodiesel bill put forth by state Sen. Roy Ashburn. SB 975 repeals a previous article in the state's Health and Safety Code relating to air pollution, which is tightly controlled in California. The legislation specifically allows public agencies, utilities or waste management operations to use biodiesel blends as high as B20, the current president of the U.S Barack Obama promoted biodiesel during his campaign for presidency and in a press conference, the President Obama and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) mandated an increase in biofuel production more than threefold by 2022, in keeping with the Renewable Fuels Standard, to decrease dependence on petroleum.

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